Acne / Disorders of the Sebaceous Glands



By re-examining our client population the assumption that acne mainly affects mostly adolescent males has been challenged. Studies have shown in the 1990s the incident of acne increased in adult women well into their 20s, 30s and even 40s. Hormonal changes, pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and family history are among the many aggravating factors, which influence the development of acne. Studies have shown that stress is the most common aggravating cause in 75% of adult women. Increases in hormone levels caused by chronic stress subsequently lead to an increase in inflammatory nodules. Picking the acne lesions seems to increase when under stress, increasing the spread of bacterial infections. Cosmetics are less problematic today as more noncomedogenic products are now available. However, certain hair sprays, conditioners and moisturizers contain ingredients that may cause problems to acne sufferers.

Acne therapy usually involves ice compresses to decrease inflammation, Alpha and Beta hydroxy acids, enzymes and vitamin A. These products kill bacteria, and are also follicular irritants sloughing out the impacted cells from the pores. We also address hyperpigmentation related to acne scarring. Our clients’ dietary habits are also assessed. While professional facials can also be helpful, most important is client commitment to diligently use recommended products as directed.


Adolescent acne is characterized by chronic inflammation of the skin. The first signs of acne are usually seen during puberty (ages 11 or 12, with cessation at 18 or 20). When there is an increase in hormone production, the sebaceous glands are stimulated to produce excessive amounts of sebum (oil). Acne begins when a hair follicle produces cells that stick together so tightly that they cannot be shed. These cells mix with other skin materials, such as pigment and bacteria that stick together and form a plug. This plug is called a comedone (blackhead). The sebaceous gland continues to produce sebum (oil). Frequently the follicle bursts or leaks, forming a papule or pimple. As the follicle releases its contents into the surrounding tissue, inflammation occurs and the area surrounding the pimple becomes red and swollen. White blood cells enter the tissue, causing it to liquefy, forming pus. It is not known why some people develop acne while others do not. Acne lesions affect an adolescent’s self esteem, and if left neglected, can cause permanent scars and pits.


Oily skin is characterized by an over production of sebum (oil). A combination of factors contribute to oily skin. These factors may be hormone imbalance or a change in hormone levels, and hot, humid climates which may stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. The oily skin has enlarged pores (follicles) that may be filled with dirt, dead tissue and sebum. Oily skin is more prone to pimples and blemishes. At The Skin Studio our goal is to educate our clients on proper home care and perform in-Studio treatments that will help regulate sebaceous glands and minimize clogged pores, pimples, and blemishes.


Pores generally become enlarged because blackheads, sebum (oil) deposits, dead cells, makeup and other debris fill and stretch the pores. Enlarged pores cannot be made smaller, however, with deep cleansing the pore will tighten and appear smaller leaving them less noticeable.